DC Day: “Nightwing: Year One” Shows Nightwing’s Solo Career Is About Building Bridges

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DC DAY

In 'Nightwing' (2005) #106, Nightwing takes first flight.
In ‘Nightwing’ (2005) #106, Nightwing takes first flight. AP Photo/DC Comics
Official Name

Nightwing: Year One.

Universe

New Earth.

Heroes

Batman, Superman, Nightwing, Batgirl, Robin.

Villains

Clayface, Joker, Penguin, Killer Croc.

Creators

Scott Beatty, Chuck Dixon and Scott McDaniel.

IN ORIGIN STORIES

ROBIN LATE ON A MISSION LEADS TO A SNOWBALL EFFECT: BATMAN FIRES HIM

“Nightwing: Year One” is a tape recording Nightwing sends through Batgirl to Batman about his decision to go solo. In the tape, Nightwing tells his story from his perspective about his departure from Batman. In ‘Nightwing’ (2005) #101, Nightwing begins his story. He tells that the event that snowballed his dismissal has been his recurrent late tardies on missions. In fact, he had been struggling with school, his work with the Titans and his responsibilities as Robin.

Suddenly, Robin arrives and realizes Batman is protecting a child from Clayface. Apparently, the situation was the result of a domestic dispute. In reality, the baby was Clayface’s baby. Asked to watch the baby, Robin rejects Batman’s order and goes after Clayface. Eventually, Robin defeats Clayface and the baby is returned to the mother. Back at the Batcave, Alfred welcomes Batman and Robin and goes to make some peanut butter and marshmallow cream on toast. Vociferously, Bruce tells Robin needs to be totally devoted and that he is Batman’s lieutenant. Angrily, Batman fires Robin. Robin departs leaving behind his new costume.

In 'Nightwing' (2005) #101, Nightwing late on mission to an argument with Batman, then his firing.
In ‘Nightwing’ (2005) #101, Nightwing late on mission to an argument with Batman, then his firing. AP Photo/DC Comics.

BRIDGE ONE: ROBIN MEETS WITH SUPERMAN TO TAKE UP THE NIGHTWING MANTLE

In ‘Nightwing’ (2005) #102, Robin starts building bridges in order to start his solo career. Seeking to come out of the shadows into the light, Dick meets with Clark Kent at the Daily Planet. Lois Lane is curious about who Richard Grayson is. Interestingly, she does some digging and finds out he is the adopted relative of billionnaire Bruce Wayne. Clark’s and Dicks conversation is cut short by police reports. Clark changes to Superman while Dick rushes to the scene with a hoodie, jumping on rooftops. On the scene, Superman meets with two terrorists who want to prevent the then current presidential election.

Superman manages to stop the first terrorist by removing in the air and destroying the bomb that was strapped to him with his heat vision. Meanwhile, Dick apprehends the second one and when he jumps down a building to prevent the bomb from detonating, Superman saves him and and catches the other terrorist. Back at the Fortress of Solitude, Dick and Superman have a discussion. Asked for advice, Superman tells Dick his inspiration for his crime-fighting is a Kryponian hero named Nightwing. Since Dick is committed to remaining a superhero and one day becoming Batman, Superman tells him to find his own “place of solitude.”1

In 'Nightwing' (2005) #102, Superman tells Dick Grayson about the story of the Kryptonian hero named Nightwing.
In ‘Nightwing’ (2005) #102, Superman tells Dick Grayson about the story of the Kryptonian hero named Nightwing.. AP Photo/DC Comics.

BRIDGE TWO: ROBIN BECOMES NIGHTWING AND ANNOUNCES IT TO COMMISSIONER GORDON

In 'Nightwing (2005) #103, Robin announces his new Nightwing code name to Commissioner Gordon.
In ‘Nightwing (2005) #103, Robin announces his new Nightwing code name to Commissioner Gordon. AP Photo/DC Comics.

BRIDGE THREE: NIGHTWING AND BATGIRL PROMOTE HIS NEW SOLO CAREER

In ‘Nightwing’ (2005) #104, Nightwing and Batgirl are on a date to promote his new solo career. After announcing to Commissioner Gordon, Nightwing debuts his solo career by apprehending thugs on the streeets of Gotham City. However, he is being watched. When Nightwing finds himself in a difficult situation, Batgirl intervenes riding a Batcycle. In reality, she is Batman’s informant. Nevertheless, Nightwing and Batgirl attempt to rekindle their romance.

Then, they decide to announce Nightwing’s solo career to the criminal elements in Gotham City. At Arkham Asylum, Nightwing roughs up Joker to put him on notice. At a strip club, both heroes take down wanted felons and seem to be having fun. They even head out to Penguin’s nightclub and send the GCPD on his tail. Nightwing shows he wants to build bridges within the superhero community and be better than Batman.

In 'Nightwing' (2005) #104, Nightwing and Batgirl promote his solo career by taking down wanted felons.
In ‘Nightwing’ (2005) #104, Nightwing and Batgirl promote his solo career by taking down wanted felons. AP Photo/DC Comics.

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BRIDGE FOUR: NIGHTWING AND THE NEW ROBIN TEAM-UP TO TAKE DOWN KILLER CROC AND SAVE ALFRED

In ‘Nightwing’ (2005) #105, the philosophical differences between Batman and Nightwing are clear. Batman does not trust his proteges and wants to control them. However, Nightwing is optimistic and believes in teaching and passing down his knowledge and skills to his proteges, friends and teammates. When Batman decides to test Jason Todd, he disguises himself as a villain and Alfred as Two-Face. Unfortunately, as they drive in Gotham City to their destination, Batman is hurt and Alfred is captured by Killer Crocs henchmen.

Jason Todd meets Nightwing and prepares to fight him thinking it is a gauntlet. However, Batman contacts Nightwing and Robin telling them it is not a gauntlet. He tells them to find Alfred somewhere on the estuary. In ‘Nightwing’ (2005) #106, the conflict finds its resolution. Nightwing and Robin team-up to find Alfred and take down Killer Croc and his henchmen. As the Bat-family reconvenes at the Batcave, Nightwing sends Batman a tape. There, he tells him about his decision to go solo. The following day, Batman sends Dick his new Nightwing costume with a letter showing his support.

In 'Nightwing' (2005) #106, Nightwing and the new Robin team-up to take down Killer Croc and save Alfred.
In ‘Nightwing’ (2005) #106, Nightwing and the new Robin team-up to take down Killer Croc and save Alfred. AP Photo/DC Comics.

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SOURCES

Nightwing Vol 2 106 in DC Database.

FOOTNOTES

  1. Nightwing #102.

Feat: Nightwing, ‘Outsiders’ #3

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IN GOVERNMENT CONSPIRACY

NIGHTWING (RICHARD GRAYSON)
NEW EARTH

In ‘Outsiders’ (2003) #3, titled “Role Call, Part Three: Joke’s On You”, Nightwing performs a super strength feat. The Outsiders are thwarting a Gorilla City attack on New York that serves as a diversion for Joker to kidnap and torture the president, Lex Luthor. During the battle, Nightwing draws blood on Gorilla Grodd twice with his Eskrima sticks.

How much super strength does it take for Nightwing to draw blood on Gorilla Grodd twice with his Eskrima sticks?

In 'Outsiders' (2003) #3, Nightwing draws blood on Gorilla Grodd twice with his wingdings.
In ‘Outsiders’ (2003) #3, Nightwing performs a super strength feat. During the battle, Nightwing draws blood on Gorilla Grodd twice with his wingdings. AP Photo/DC Comics. AP Photo/DC Comics.

NIGHTWING HIT GORILLA GRODD TWICE DRAWING BLOOD. GRODD’S SKIN CAN WITHSTAND 551996 PSI OR 3805879139 PASCALS OF STRAIN, 0.42287545988 TIMES AS DURABLE AS BONE.

NIGHTWING GENERATED 27488970 NEWTONS OF TOTAL FORCE, THE EQUIVALENT OF 3089.8831569002514 TONS. THIS IS NOT HUMANLY FEASIBLE AND LIKELY REQUIRED MARTIAL ARTS WITH PRESSURE POINTS.

SUPER STRENGTH FEAT:

BUILDING

Super Strength: Building 17%

For our database entries on DC Power Levels, visit the DC page!

Head over to History Of Nightwing! by Variant Comics.

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Nightwing and Outsiders are fighting Gorilla Grodd and the army of Gorilla City in New York. In order to interrogate Gorilla Grodd, Nightwing hits him twice on the face, drawing blood.

We will estimate Gorilla Grodd’s durability in order to rate Nightwing’s super strength.

GORILLA GRODD’S DURABILITY


In ‘Flash’ (1991) #47, Vixen, Flash (Wally West) and Pied Piper are held captive by Gorilla Grodd. Flash frees himself from Grodd’s collar used for mind control and hits him with a speed blitz of three thousand punches.

In 'Flash' (1991) #47, Flash hits Gorilla Grodd with a speedblitz of three thousand punches.In ‘Flash’ (1991) #47, Flash hits Gorilla Grodd with a speedblitz of three thousand punches. AP Photo/DC Comics.

We will use this feat to calculate Nightwing’s super strength feat.

NUMBER CRUNCHING



This is a stress and strain problem. Let’s punch values into the Stress Calculator, on the Omni-Calculator. We get the following results. Refer to the Calculations Toggle Arrow to view the calculations for Area (A) and Force (F).


Nightwing, ‘Outsiders’ #3

Let’s calculate Nightwing’s first hit. The first hit is with a variable force at an angle of 45 degrees. Let’s calculate the acceleration knowing that the Eskrima stick weighs 0.425243 kg.

a = F/m = (15000000 N)/(0.425243 kg) = 35273949.2478 m/s2.

Arc Length = θ × r = (45° × π/180 rad*15000000 N)/(1 rad) = 11780970 N.

Then we calculate the second hit.

Arc Length = θ × r = (60° × π/180 rad*15000000 N)/(1 rad) = 15708000 N.

Total Super Strength = 27488970 N = 3089.8831569002514 Tons.

SUPER STRENGTH



Nightwing generated 27488970 N of total force making Gorilla Grodd bleed. Nightwing had to generate a Building Level of Super Strength since he hit Gorilla Grodd with 3089.8831569002514 Tons. This is not humanly feasible and is likely a result of martial arts with pressure points.

Toggle the Toggle Arrow below to view the calculations.

Calculations for Nightwing, ‘Outsiders’ #8

Metahuman Strength = 1000 kg = m.

Area = (pi)(10 cm)(5 cm) = 157.07963 cm^2.
Force = ma = (1000 kg)(3000 punches)(5 m/s^2) = 15000000 N.
a = F/m = (15000000 N)/(0.425243 kg) = 35273949.2478 m/s2.
Arc Length First Hit = θ × r = (45° × π/180 rad*15000000 N)/(1 rad) = 11780970 N.
Arc Length Second Hit = θ × r = (60° × π/180 rad*15000000 N)/(1 rad) = 15708000 N.
Total Super Strength = (11780970 N + 15708000 N) = 27488970 N.
Super Strength In Tons = (27488970 N * 1 ton)/(9964.016384 N) = 3089.8831569002514 Tons.
Ratio Of Young’s Modulus = (3805879139 Pa)/(9000000000 Pa) = 0.42287545988. https://openstax.org/books/university-physics-volume-1/pages/12-3-stress-strain-and-elastic-modulus

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SOURCES

Outsiders Vol 3 3 in DC Database.
The Flash #47 in Comic Vine.

Feat: Batman, ‘Batman vs The Incredible Hulk’ #1

IN POWER LEVEL

BATMAN (BRUCE WAYNE)
EARTH-ONE

In ‘Batman vs The Incredible Hulk’ (1995) #1, titled “The Monster and The Madman”, Batman performs a fighting skills feat. Hired by the Shaper of Worlds, Joker has robed one of Bruce Wayne’s labs and turned Hulk against Batman. During the battle, Batman kicks Hulk at the solar plexus, depriving him of air and making the monster susceptible to sleeping gas.

How much fighting skill does it take for Batman to kick Hulk at the solar plexus, depriving him of air?

In 'Batman vs The Incredible Hulk' Batman performs a super strength feat. During the battle, Batman kicks Hulk at the solar plexus, depriving him of air and making the monster susceptible to sleeping gas.
In ‘Batman vs The Incredible Hulk’ Batman performs a super strength feat. During the battle, Batman kicks Hulk at the solar plexus, depriving him of air and making the monster susceptible to sleeping gas. AP Photo/DC Comics.

BATMAN KICKED HULK AT THE SOLAR PLEXUS CAUSING HIM TO NEED 7.0555752*10^15 LITERS OF AIR.

BATMAN GENERATED THE EQUIVALENT OF 1.545431*10^18 CALORIES BURNED OR 6.4660831*10^21 JOULES WITH HIS PRESSURE POINT KICK, STRONGER THAN 9.2958253*10^12 MEN AND 2.5 TIMES THE ENERGY RECEIVED BY THE EARTH, ENOUGH TO DESTROY A SMALL COUNTRY.

FIGHTING SKILLS FEAT:

WARRIOR MADNESS

                       

Please visit the Battle Ranker: The Competition for the Fighting Skills Point System.

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Head over to How Strong is Batman With Prep Time – Battle Suits – DC COMICS – Bruce Wayne by IvaN The UnStoppable.

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Batman is cornered by the Hulk and has nowhere to go. In order to even the odds, he triggers sleeping gas. However, Hulk, displaying some measure of intelligence, holds his breath. Batman states that “Hulk can hold his breath from now till next Christmas.”1

We will use this statement to estimate Hulk’s vital capacity. This will help us determine the strength of Batman’s kick at Hulk’s solar plexus.

NUMBER CRUNCHING

The Hulk possesses an organ that allows him to breathe underwater. At the same time, his lung capacity allows him to hold his breath for an indefinite amount of time. Vital capacity is a measure of how much air our lungs can retain, when holding our breath.In this feat, Hulk holding his breath is actually a function of his vital capacity.

It must be noted, that though Hulk is Bruce Banner’s transformation into a monster, we can still assume that he is an oversized human to simplify our calculations. In Investigation: What Factors Affect Lung Capacity we use a graph in order to estimate lung capacity (L) from the change in diameter (cm) after exhaling into a balloon.

Below is the graph.

Batman, ‘Batman vs The Incredible Hulk’ #1

Using a program, I obtained the equation of the best-fit parabola:

Equation of parabola = 19.9124x^2 − 212.429x + 448.505.

According to Batman, Hulk can hold his breath for six months. Let’s obtain the ratio of breath holding for a human, which is between 30s and 90s.

Ratio of Breath Holding = (6 months*30 days*24 hours*3600 seconds)/(90 seconds) = 172800.

Next, we use the fact a human can retain 6 Liters of air to compute the diameter at 22.8 cm. To find Hulk’s ballon diameter, we multiply by our ratio.

Balloon Diameter = (172800*22.8) = 3939840 cm.

Now we can find Hulk’s vital capacity.

Vital Capacity = (19.9124*3939840*3939840 – 212.429*3939840 + 448.505) = 3.0908619*10^14 Liters.

The metabolism of breathing is burning about 5000 calories. We can use this to find the energy in Joules used by Hulk’s vital capacity.

Energy in Joules = (5000 calories*3.0908619*10^14 Liters*4184 J)/(1 calorie) = 6.4660831*10^21 Joules.

Let’s calculate the calories burned by Batman during a 10 minute martial arts activity.

Batman, ‘Batman vs The Incredible Hulk’ #1

If we divide the super strength of Batman’s kick by the metabolic expenditure in 10 minutes, we get the following: = (6.4660831*10^21 J*1 cal)/(166250 cal*4184 J) = 9.2958253*10^12.

FIGHTING SKILLS

In order to deprive Hulk of air, Batman had to generate a kick of 6.4660831*10^21 Joules of energy. That is a mammoth amount of energy. In comparison, the Earth receives 430*10^18 Joules/hr of energy from the sun.

Batman had to generate a Planetary Level of Super Strength in his kick. This is not humanly feasible and shows that Batman likely used martial arts and chi to kick Hulk at a pressure point, namely the solar plexus.

According to Battle Ranker: The Competition, since Batman generated a Planetary Level kick, he can defeat 500000001-10E13 men in combat. Therefore, Batman generated a Warrior Madness Level of Fighting Skills with his pressure point kick.

Toggle the Toggle Arrow below to Show/Hide the calculations.

Calculations for Batman, ‘Batman vs The Incredible Hulk’ #1

Equation of parabola = 19.9124x^2 − 212.429x + 448.505.

(6 months*30 days*24 hours*3600 seconds)/(90 seconds) = 172800.
Balloon Diameter = (172800*22.8) = 3939840 cm.
Vital Capacity = (19.9124*3939840*3939840 – 212.429*3939840 + 448.505) = 3.0908619*10^14 Liters.
Calories Burned = (5000 calories *3.0908619*10^14 Liters) = 1.545431*10^18 calories.
Energy in Joules = (5000 calories*3.0908619*10^14 Liters*4184 J)/(1 calorie) = 6.4660831*10^21 Joules.
Ratio Per Energy Received By Earth = (6.4660831*10^21 J*10 minutes)/(430*10^18 J*60 minutes) = 2.50623375969.
Ratio Of Super-Strength/Metabolic Expenditure in 10 Minutes = (6.4660831*10^21 J*1 cal)/(166250 cal*4184 J) = 9.2958253*10^12.
Ratio Per Tons Of TNT = (6.4660831*10^21 J)/(4.2*10^9 J) = 1.5395436*10^12.


SOURCES

Batman vs. The Incredible Hulk #1 in Comic Vine.
Investigation: What Factors Affect Lung Capacity in The Biology Corner.

FOOTNOTES

  1. Batman vs The Incredible Hulk #1.

Battle Ranker Competition Round 1: Match-Up #17

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DC Day: Joker Plans His Birthday Celebration By Gassing The GCPD Precinct With Joker Venom

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DC DAY

In 'Batman' (1980) #321, Joker sends the GCPD an invitation letter gassed with Joker Venom.
In ‘Batman’ (1980) #321, Joker sends the GCPD an invitation letter gassed with Joker Venom. Photo/DC Comics

IN DC COMICS

JOKER SENDS A LETTER TO COMMISSIONER GORDON FOR HIS BIRTHDAY CELEBRATION GASSED WITH JOKER VENOM

In ‘Batman’ (1980) #321, Joker sends Commissioner Gordon a letter with no return address at the GCPD gassed with Joker Venom. The letter is an invitation to Joker’s birthday celebration with the etiquette being “black ties optional, funny hats mandatory.”1 Immediately, the police officers at the precinct start laughing and fall on the floor.

Joker makes his clown entry into the GCPD precinct. He asks for “a rousing round of applause.”1 At this time, Batman swings around the precinct perimeter. Noticing the hysteria around the building he concludes Joker has used Joker Venom and equips himself with a respirator. Then, he crashes into the precinct window.

In 'Batman' (1980) #321, Joker sends the GCPD an invitation letter gassed with Joker Venom.
In ‘Batman’ (1980) #321, Joker sends the GCPD an invitation letter gassed with Joker Venom. Photo/DC Comics

JOKER KIDNAPS COMMISSIONER GORDON, ROBIN (DICK GRAYSON) AND ALFRED

Batman quickly fights Joker’s henchmen remarking that Joker still hires muscle men that are “inept.”1 He makes short work of them, but notices Joker has escaped. Batman runs out on the street and sees the Jokermobile with Joker escaping with Commissioner Gordon. Batman laments that he hasn’t “got a prayer of catching them.”1 The police officers exclaim that the Joker has got Commissioner Gordon “too.” Batman finds out from them that he was called because earlier the Joker kidnapped Robin in New Carthage.

Switching to Bruce Wayne’s penthouse, Alfred who is hosting Selina Kyle a.k.a. Catwoman and Lucius Fox, notices footsteps on the roof and thinks it is Batman. Instead, there is an explosion. Joker and his henchmen arrive. Catwoman attempts to fight off Joker but is knocked out by Joker’s boxing glove sprawling from a bouquet of flowers. Joker and his henchmen escape with Alfred aboard his balloon. Batman arrives on the scene, wakes Selina Kyle and greets her.

In 'Batman' (1980) #321, Joker kidnaps and boards Alfred Pennyworth aboard his balloon.
In ‘Batman’ (1980) #321, Joker kidnaps and boards Alfred Pennyworth aboard his balloon. Photo/DC Comics

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JOKER’S EXTRAVAGANT PLAN TO CELEBRATE HIS BIRTHDAY

In the Clown Prince of Crime’s “hidden Ha-Hacienda”, Joker reveals to his captives his extravagant plan for his birthday celebration.1 Joker sets up his “victim-go-round” to kill all his sworn enemies “while all Gotham City watches” as celebration for his birthday.1

As Joker revels in his plan, his henchmen laugh with him, save one called Sidney. He intimidates Sidney and then shoots him with a spear-gun that shoots the message: “BANG You’re Dead.”1 Robin shocked by the Joker’s sick jokes exclaims he is out of his mind.

In 'Batman' (1980) #321, Joker sets up his "victim-go-round" to kill all his sworn enemies "while all Gotham City watches" as celebration for his birthday.
In ‘Batman’ (1980) #321, Joker sets up his “victim-go-round” to kill all his sworn enemies “while all Gotham City watches” as celebration for his birthday. Photo/DC Comics

Robin asks Joker where he will find an audience willing to watch the murder. Joker shows “the late edition” of the Gotham Gazette.1 It contains an invitation to the Harlequin Baking Company to see its wares.

Batman watching individuals on the street deciding to go to the event notes “the Joker has finally made his first mistake” since the Harlequin Baking Company doesn’t exist.1

In 'Batman' (1980) #321, Joker sends invites to the Harlequin Baking Company, a fictitious company, in "the late edition" of the Gotham Gazette.
In ‘Batman’ (1980) #321, Joker sends invites to the Harlequin Baking Company, a fictitious company, in “the late edition” of the Gotham Gazette. Photo/DC Comics
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BATMAN SAVES JOKER’S SWORN ENEMIES ON THE CLOWN PRINCE OF CRIME’S BIRTHDAY CELEBRATION

A crowd gathers at the Harlequin Baking Company. As the crowd congregates and sits down, Joker gasses them with Joker Venom. Lights go out. Then, Joker appears with his captives on stage. Each is tied to an incendiary candle on a cake. Once Joker presses the detonator in front of him, each “will burn brightly”, Joker will make a wish then blow them up.

Batman arrives and surrenders to the Joker in exchange for the captives’ lives. Joker says he lied, ties Batman to an incendiary candle. However, Batman ejects himself by pressing a button since he rigged his candles incendiary jets, unties himself and throws his batarangs at the captives’ ropes. Meanwhile, Joker presses the detonator. The captives are saved in time. Robin goes after Joker’s henchmen. Batman goes after Joker who escapes.

In 'Batman' (1980) #321, Batman has to save the Joker's sworn enemies on the Clown Prince of Crime's birthday celebration.
In ‘Batman’ (1980) #321, Batman has to save the Joker’s sworn enemies on the Clown Prince of Crime’s birthday celebration. Photo/DC Comics

BATMAN DUELS WITH JOKER ON A GETAWAY BOAT

As Batman is in pursuit, Joker is headed for the docks. Joker boards his getaway boat while Batman uses the boat’s harness rope to jet-ski holding up to the boat as it speeds on the waters. Batman finally boards the boat. Batman avoids the Joker’s squirting flower, takes him down only to be met with a flying kick.

With the Joker no longer helming the wheel, the boat is out of control, headed for the shoals. Batman attempts to convince Joker to abandon ship, only to fall into the waters tricked by Joker’s “phony-hand-up-the-sleeve gag.”1 The duel ends up in an explosion. Batman survives only to hope with Robin and Commissioner Gordon that it is the last of the Joker.

In 'Batman' (1980) #321, at the end of his duel on the runaway boat with Batman, Joker is presumed dead.
In ‘Batman’ (1980) #321, at the end of his duel on the getaway boat with Batman, Joker is presumed dead. Photo/DC Comics

SOURCES

Batman Vol 1 321 in DC Database.

FOOTNOTES

  1. Batman #321.

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